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shot1

[shot] /ʃɒt/
noun, plural shots or for 6, 8, shot.
1.
a discharge of a firearm, bow, etc.
2.
the range of or the distance traveled by a missile in its flight.
3.
an aimed discharge of a missile.
4.
an attempt to hit a target with a missile.
5.
an act or instance of shooting a firearm, bow, etc.
6.
a small ball or pellet of lead, a number of which are loaded in a cartridge and used for one charge of a shotgun.
7.
such pellets collectively:
a charge of shot.
8.
a projectile for discharge from a firearm or cannon.
9.
such projectiles collectively:
shot and shell.
10.
a person who shoots; marksman:
He was a good shot.
11.
Slang. a blow; punch:
The prizefighter was knocked out by a shot in the chin.
12.
anything like a shot, especially in being sudden and forceful.
13.
a heavy metal ball that competitors cast as far as possible in shot-putting contests.
14.
an aimed stroke, throw, or the like, as in certain games, especially in an attempt to score.
15.
an attempt or try:
He's entitled to a shot at the championship.
16.
a remark aimed at some person or thing.
17.
a guess at something.
18.
a hypodermic injection, as of a serum, vaccine, narcotic, or anaesthetic:
He took a series of immunizing shots for hay fever.
19.
a small quantity, especially an ounce, of undiluted liquor.
20.
an amount due, especially at a tavern.
21.
Photography.
  1. a photograph, especially a snapshot:
    Here's a nice shot of my kids.
  2. the act of making a photograph, especially a snapshot.
22.
Movies, Television. a unit of action photographed without interruption and constituting a single camera view.
23.
an explosive charge in place for detonation, as in mining or quarrying.
24.
Metallurgy. comparatively hard globules of metal in the body of a casting.
25.
Nautical. a 90-foot (27-meter) length of anchor cable or chain.
26.
Checkers. a compulsory series of exchanges, especially when it proves favorable to the aggressor.
27.
Textiles.
  1. a pick sent through the shed in a single throw of the shuttle.
  2. (in carpet weaving) filling yarn used to bind the pile to the fabric, usually expressed with a preceding number representing the quantity of picks used:
    three-shot carpet.
  3. a defect in a fabric caused by an unusual color or size in the yarn.
28.
a chance with odds for and against; a bet:
a 20 to 1 shot that his horse will come in first.
verb (used with object), shotted, shotting.
29.
to load or supply with shot.
30.
to weight with shot.
verb (used without object), shotted, shotting.
31.
to manufacture shot, as in a shot tower.
Idioms
32.
by a long shot. long shot (def 4).
33.
call one's shots, Informal. to indicate beforehand what one intends to do and how one intends to do it.
34.
call the shots, Informal. to have the power or authority to make decisions or control policy:
Now that he's chairman of the board, he calls the shots.
35.
have / take a shot at, make an attempt at:
I'll have a shot at solving the problem.
36.
like a shot, instantly; quickly:
He bolted out of here like a shot.
37.
shot in the arm, Informal. something that results in renewed vigor, confidence, etc.; stimulus:
Her recent promotion has given her a shot in the arm. The new members gave the club a shot in the arm.
38.
shot in the dark, Informal. a wild guess; a random conjecture.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English sc(e)ot, (ge)sceot; cognate with German Schoss, Geschoss; akin to shoot
Related forms
shotless, adjective
shotlike, adjective
Synonyms
15. chance, go, essay.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for call the shots

shot1

/ʃɒt/
noun
1.
the act or an instance of discharging a projectile
2.
(pl) shot. a solid missile, such as an iron ball or a lead pellet, discharged from a firearm
3.
  1. small round pellets of lead collectively, as used in cartridges
  2. metal in the form of coarse powder or small pellets
4.
the distance that a discharged projectile travels or is capable of travelling
5.
a person who shoots, esp with regard to his ability: he is a good shot
6.
(informal) an attempt; effort
7.
(informal) a guess or conjecture
8.
any act of throwing or hitting something, as in certain sports
9.
the launching of a rocket, missile, etc, esp to a specified destination: a moon shot
10.
  1. a single photograph: I took 16 shots of the wedding
  2. a series of frames on cine film concerned with a single event
  3. a length of film taken by a single camera without breaks, used with others to build up a full motion picture or television film
11.
(informal) an injection, as of a vaccine or narcotic drug
12.
(informal) a glass of alcoholic drink, esp spirits
13.
(sport) a heavy metal ball used in the shot put
14.
an explosive charge used in blasting
15.
globules of metal occurring in the body of a casting that are harder than the rest of the casting
16.
a unit of chain length equal to 75 feet (Brit) or 90 feet (US)
17.
(slang) call the shots, to have control over an organization, course of action, etc
18.
(informal) have a shot at
  1. to attempt
  2. (Austral) to jibe at or vex
19.
like a shot, very quickly, esp willingly
20.
(informal) shot in the arm, anything that regenerates, increases confidence or efficiency, etc: his arrival was a shot in the arm for the company
21.
shot in the dark, a wild guess
22.
(Austral, informal) that's the shot, that is the right thing to do
verb shots, shotting, shotted
23.
(transitive) to weight or load with shot
Word Origin
Old English scot; related to Old Norse skot, Old High German scoz missile; see shoot

shot2

/ʃɒt/
verb
1.
the past tense and past participle of shoot
adjective
2.
(of textiles) woven to give a changing colour effect: shot silk
3.
streaked with colour
4.
(slang) exhausted
5.
(slang) get shot of, get shut of, to get rid of
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for call the shots

shot

n.

Old English scot, sceot "a shot, a shooting, an act of shooting; that which is discharged in shooting, what is shot forth; darting, rapid motion," from Proto-Germanic *skutan (cf. Old Norse skutr, Old Frisian skete, Middle Dutch scote, German Schuß "a shot"), related to sceotan "to shoot" (see shoot (v.)).

Meaning "discharge of a bow, missile," also is from related Old English gesceot. Extended to other projectiles in Middle English, and to sports (hockey, basketball, etc.) 1868. Another original meaning, "payment" (perhaps literally "money thrown down") is preserved in scot-free. "Throwing down" might also have led to the meaning "a drink," first attested 1670s, the more precise meaning "small drink of straight liquor" by 1928 (shot glass by 1955). Camera view sense is from 1958. Sense of "hypodermic injection" first attested 1904; figurative phrase shot in the arm "stimulant" first recorded 1922. Meaning "try, attempt" is from 1756; sense of "remark meant to wound" is recorded from 1841. Meaning "an expert in shooting" is from 1780. To call the shots "control events, make decisions" is American English, 1922, perhaps from sport shooting. Shot in the dark "uninformed guess" is from 1885. Big shot "important person" is from 1861.

adj.

early 15c., past participle adjective from from shoot (v.). Meaning "wounded or killed by a bullet or other projectile" is from 1837. Figurative sense "ruined, worn out" is from 1833.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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call the shots in Medicine

shot (shŏt)
n.

  1. A hypodermic injection.

  2. A small amount given or applied at one time.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for call the shots

call the shots

verb phrase

To be in charge: Who's calling the shots around here? (1960s+)


shot

adjective
  1. Drunk (1864+)
  2. (also shot to hell) Worn out or out of repair: This old machine is shot (1930+)
  3. Exhausted; ill; in bad shape: Say, am I shot? (1939+)
noun
  1. A drink of straight liquor (1676+)
  2. A glass or other serving of Coca-Cola2 (1950s+ Southern & Western lunch counter)
  3. An injection of narcotics; fix (1920s+ Narcotics)
  4. An atomic explosion, a rocket or missile launching, or some other complex sort of military and technological blasting (1950s+)
  5. A person's particular preference, style, etc; bag, thing: That's our shot. That's who we are (1960s+)
  6. A try; an attempt, esp at something rather difficult: He didn't make it, but he gave it a hell of a shot (1840+)
  7. A very hard-hit ball, usually a line drive, and often a home run (1880+ Baseball)
  8. A televison appearance: But it was the exposure on television that seemed to count most ...with a shot on ''Good Morning America'' believed to be worth its weight in votes (1980s+)
  9. Interpretation; understanding; opinion; guess; take: Gimme your shot on Leon. You know, tell me about him (1980s+)
Related Terms

beaver shot, call the shots, cheap shot, drop case, give something a shot, give something one's best shot, grab shot, half-shot, have a crack at something, hot shot, long shot, mug shot, not by a long shot, one-shot

[the drinking senses are shortenings of an early 1800s expression shot in the neck, meaning both ''a drink'' and ''drunk''; shoot, ''to guess,'' is found by 1864]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with call the shots

call the shots

Exercise authority, be in charge, as in It's up to the boss to call the shots. This term probably alludes to determining accuracy in target practice. [ Mid-1900s ]
Also see: call the tune
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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