[kav, kahv]
verb (used without object), calved, calving.
to give birth to a calf: The cow is expected to calve tomorrow.
(of a glacier, an iceberg, etc.) to break up or splinter so as to produce a detached piece.
verb (used with object), calved, calving.
to give birth to (a calf).
(of a glacier, an iceberg, etc.) to break off or detach (a piece): The glacier calved an iceberg.

before 1000; Middle English calven, Old English (Anglian) *calfian, derivative of calf calf1; cognate with Old English (West Saxon) cealfian Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
calve (kɑːv)
1.  to give birth to (a calf)
2.  (of a glacier or iceberg) to release (masses of ice) in breaking up

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. cealfian, from cealf "calf" (see calf). Of icebergs, 1837.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
If global warming ends up causing glaciers to accelerate their calving, it's worth watching.
That's because of the calving, the term that's given when big chunks of the glacier break off.
Electric fencing now surrounds calving lots in many risky areas.
It is wildebeest calving season, and many of those giant bearded antelope have newborns trailing them.
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