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canton

[kan-tn, -ton, kan-ton for 1–7; kan-ton, -tohn, or, esp. British, -toon for 8] /ˈkæn tn, -tɒn, kænˈtɒn for 1–7; kænˈtɒn, -ˈtoʊn, or, esp. British, -ˈtun for 8/
noun
1.
a small territorial district, especially one of the states of the Swiss confederation.
2.
(in a department of France) a division of an arrondissement.
3.
Heraldry. a square area in the dexter chief, or right-hand corner, of an escutcheon, often distinctively treated: a diminutive of the dexter chief quarter.
4.
Architecture. a pilaster or similar feature projecting from the corner of a building.
5.
Obsolete. a division, part, or portion of anything.
verb (used with object)
6.
to divide into parts or portions.
7.
to divide into cantons or territorial districts.
8.
to allot quarters to (soldiers, troops, etc.).
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Middle French < Old Provençal, derivative of can side, edge (see cant2)
Related forms
cantonal, adjective
cantonalism, noun
uncantoned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for can toned

canton

noun (ˈkæntɒn; kænˈtɒn)
1.
any of the 23 political divisions of Switzerland
2.
a subdivision of a French arrondissement
3.
(heraldry) (ˈkæntən). a small square or oblong charge on a shield, usually in the top left corner
verb
4.
(transitive) (kænˈtɒn). to divide into cantons
5.
(kənˈtuːn). (esp formerly) to allocate accommodation to (military personnel)
Derived Forms
cantonal, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Old French: corner, division, from Italian cantone, from canto corner, from Latin canthus iron rim; see cant²

Canton

noun
1.
(kænˈtɒn). a port in SE China, capital of Guangdong province, on the Zhu Jiang (Pearl River): the first Chinese port open to European trade. Pop: 3 881 000 (2005 est) Chinese names Guangzhou, Kwangchow
2.
(ˈkæntən). a city in the US, in NE Ohio. Pop: 80 806 (2000)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for can toned

canton

n.

1530s, "corner, angle," from Middle French canton "piece, portion of a country" (13c.), from Italian (Lombard dialect) cantone "region," especially in the mountains, augmentative of Latin canto "section of a country," literally "corner" (see cant (n.2)). Originally in English a term in heraldry and flag descriptions; applied to the sovereign states of the Swiss republic from 1610s. Related: Cantoned.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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