a member of a Semitic people that inhabited parts of ancient Palestine and were conquered by the Israelites and largely absorbed by them.
a group of Semitic languages, including hebrew and Phoenician, spoken chiefly in ancient Palestine and Syria.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Canaan, the Canaanites, or the Canaanite group of languages.

1350–1400; Middle EnglishGreek Kananī́tēs; see Canaan, -ite1

Canaanitish [key-nuh-nahy-tish] , Canaanitic [key-nuh-nit-ik] , adjective
pre-Canaanite, noun, adjective
pre-Canaanitic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Canaanite (ˈkeɪnəˌnaɪt)
1.  a member of an ancient Semitic people who occupied the land of Canaan before the Israelite conquest
2.  the extinct language of this people, belonging to the Canaanitic branch of the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family
3.  (in later books of the Old Testament) a merchant or trader (Job 40:30; Proverbs 31:24)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

masc. proper name, from L., from Gk. Symeon, from Heb. Shim'on, lit. "hearkening, hearing," from shama "he heard." In Eng. O.T., usually printed as Simeon, but in N.T. almost always as Simon. Confused with Gk. masc. proper name Simon, which is from simos "snub-nosed."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Canaanite definition

a name given to the apostle Simon (Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18). The word here does not, however, mean a descendant of Canaan, but is a translation, or rather almost a transliteration, of the Syriac word Kanenyeh (R.V. rendered "Cananaen"), which designates the Jewish sect of the Zealots. Hence he is called elsewhere (Luke 6:15) "Simon Zelotes;" i.e., Simon of the sect of the Zealots. (See SIMON.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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