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caprice

[kuh-prees] /kəˈpris/
noun
1.
a sudden, unpredictable change, as of one's mind or the weather.
2.
a tendency to change one's mind without apparent or adequate motive; whimsicality; capriciousness:
With the caprice of a despotic king, he alternated between kindness and cruelty.
3.
Music. capriccio (def 1).
Origin
1660-1670
1660-70; < French < Italian; see capriccio
Synonyms
1. vagary, notion, whim, fancy.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cap rice

caprice

/kəˈpriːs/
noun
1.
a sudden or unpredictable change of attitude, behaviour, etc; whim
2.
a tendency to such changes
3.
another word for capriccio
Word Origin
C17: from French, from Italian capriccio a shiver, caprice, from capo head + riccio hedgehog, suggesting a convulsive shudder in which the hair stood on end like a hedgehog's spines; meaning also influenced by Italian capra goat, by folk etymology
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cap rice
caprice
1667, from Fr. caprice "whim," from It. capriccio "whim," orig. "a shivering," probably from capro "goat," with reference to frisking; but another theory connects the It. word with capo "head" + riccio "curl, frizzled," lit. "hedgehog," from L. ericius. The notion is of the hair standing on end in horror.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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