capital gain

noun
profit from the sale of assets, as bonds or real estate.

Origin:
1920–25

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
capital gain
 
n
the amount by which the selling price of a financial asset exceeds its cost

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

capital gain definition


Personal income earned by the sale of assets, such as stocks or real property. The gain is the difference between the price paid for the asset and the selling price. Most conservatives want capital gains taxed at a lower rate than ordinary income in order to stimulate investment, whereas most liberals oppose a lower rate for capital gains as a subsidy for the wealthy.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
And taxes will be owed on the portion that is capital gain as the money is
  withdrawn.
The return on equity comes from dividends the company pays you and the capital
  gain from selling the stock.
People have been buying purely in the expectation of capital gain, regardless
  of the underlying income stream.
The second part of the yield on investment in a house is the capital gain you
  receive if it appreciates and you sell the house.
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