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capitation

[kap-i-tey-shuh n] /ˌkæp ɪˈteɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
a numbering or assessing by the head.
2.
a poll tax.
3.
a fee or payment of a uniform amount for each person.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; (< F) < Late Latin capitātiōn- (stem of capitātiō), equivalent to Latin capit- (stem of caput) head + -ātiōn -ation
Related forms
capitative, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for capitations

capitation

/ˌkæpɪˈteɪʃən/
noun
1.
a tax levied on the basis of a fixed amount per head
2.
capitation grant, a grant of money given to every person who qualifies under certain conditions
3.
the process of assessing or numbering by counting heads
Derived Forms
capitative, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin capitātiō, from Latin caput head
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for capitations

capitation

n.

1610s, "counting of heads," from Late Latin capitationem (nominative capitatio), noun of action from past participle stem of a verb derived from caput "head" (see capitulum). Meaning "levying of a poll tax" is from 1640s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for capitations

capitation

major direct tax in France before the Revolution of 1789, first established in 1695 as a wartime measure. Originally, the capitation was to be paid by every subject, the amount varying according to class. For the purpose of the tax, French society was divided into 22 classes, ranging from members of the royal family who owed 2,000 livres (basic monetary unit of pre-Revolutionary France) to dayworkers who owed only one livre. The tax became permanent in the early 18th century, with apportionment by an intendant (royal agent) replacing the class system of payment. In practice the capitation was merely an addition to the taille, the long-existing royal tax, falling predominantly on the nonprivileged classes of the French people, who paid the bulk of the taxes. It was abolished with the Revolution

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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