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capitulate

[kuh-pich-uh-leyt] /kəˈpɪtʃ əˌleɪt/
verb (used without object), capitulated, capitulating.
1.
to surrender unconditionally or on stipulated terms.
2.
to give up resistance:
He finally capitulated and agreed to do the job my way.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Medieval Latin capitulātus (past participle of capitulāre to draw up in sections), equivalent to capitul(um) section (literally, small head; see capitulum) + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
capitulant, noun
capitulator, noun
uncapitulated, adjective
uncapitulating, adjective
Can be confused
capitulate, recapitulate.
Synonyms
2. yield, acquiesce, accede, give in.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for capitulated
  • Despite his campaign pledge, he capitulated to the largest single-year tax increase in our history.
  • If that were the result, he choked, democracy would have capitulated to the mob.
  • The major recording labels have finally capitulated and will begin selling digital downloads online later this year.
  • Many have stopped writing or have capitulated in self-censorship.
  • When sufficiently threatened, warlords have capitulated.
  • Relying on a capitulated press to challenge our politicians does not seem likely to insure responsible government.
  • Other participants simply capitulated and recommended that the best way to preserve photos is to print them.
  • After the interchange of several letters my father finally capitulated, although he said it went sorely against his conscience.
  • Rather than face that prospect, the board capitulated.
  • Yet his government continues to talk tough in the face of charges that it capitulated.
British Dictionary definitions for capitulated

capitulate

/kəˈpɪtjʊˌleɪt/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to surrender, esp under agreed conditions
Derived Forms
capitulator, noun
Word Origin
C16 (meaning: to arrange under heads, draw up in order; hence, to make terms of surrender): from Medieval Latin capitulare to draw up under heads, from capitulumchapter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for capitulated
capitulate
1580, "to draw up in chapters" (i.e., under "heads"), from M.L. capitulatus, pp. of capitulare "to draw up in heads or chapters, arrange conditions" (see capitulation). Often of terms of surrender, hence meaning "to yield on stipulated terms" (1689). Capitulated is from 1586; capitulating from 1654.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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