caprice

[kuh-prees]
noun
1.
a sudden, unpredictable change, as of one's mind or the weather.
2.
a tendency to change one's mind without apparent or adequate motive; whimsicality; capriciousness: With the caprice of a despotic king, he alternated between kindness and cruelty.
3.
Music. capriccio ( def 1 ).

Origin:
1660–70; < French < Italian; see capriccio


1. vagary, notion, whim, fancy.
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World English Dictionary
caprice (kəˈpriːs)
 
n
1.  a sudden or unpredictable change of attitude, behaviour, etc; whim
2.  a tendency to such changes
3.  another word for capriccio
 
[C17: from French, from Italian capriccio a shiver, caprice, from capo head + riccio hedgehog, suggesting a convulsive shudder in which the hair stood on end like a hedgehog's spines; meaning also influenced by Italian capra goat, by folk etymology]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

caprice
1667, from Fr. caprice "whim," from It. capriccio "whim," orig. "a shivering," probably from capro "goat," with reference to frisking; but another theory connects the It. word with capo "head" + riccio "curl, frizzled," lit. "hedgehog," from L. ericius. The notion is of the hair standing on end in horror.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We are at best advisory, and our advice is subject to the whims and caprices of
  our administrators.
Different kingdoms had their own laws and often not even that, but run by the
  caprices of the ruler's mood at any given moment.
Nothing is easier, since his appeal is neither to the interests nor caprices of
  the market.
Through this pantomime of his policy, fortune played the clown to his caprices.
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