caption

[kap-shuhn]
noun
1.
a title or explanation for a picture or illustration, especially in a magazine.
2.
a heading or title, as of a chapter, article, or page.
3.
Movies, Television. the title of a scene, the text of a speech, etc., superimposed on the film and projected onto the screen.
4.
Law. the heading of a legal document stating the time, place, etc., of execution or performance.
verb (used with object)
5.
to supply a caption or captions for; entitle: to caption a photograph.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English capcio(u)n seizure < Latin captiōn- (stem of captiō), equivalent to capt(us) taken (see captive) + -iōn- -ion

captionless, adjective
miscaption, verb (used with object)
subcaption, noun
supercaption, noun
uncaptioned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
caption (ˈkæpʃən)
 
n
1.  a title, brief explanation, or comment accompanying an illustration; legend
2.  a heading, title, or headline of a chapter, article, etc
3.  graphic material, usually containing lettering, used in television presentation
4.  another name for subtitle
5.  the formal heading of a legal document stating when, where, and on what authority it was taken or made
 
vb
6.  to provide with a caption or captions
 
[C14 (meaning: seizure, an arrest; later, heading of a legal document): from Latin captiō a seizing, from capere to take]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

caption
late 14c., "taking, seizure," from O.Fr. capcion, from L. capito pp. of capere "to take" (see capable). Sense evolved from headings of legal indictments involving seizure ("Certificate of caption"), the word being taken to mean the beginning of any document; thus "heading
of a chapter or section of an article" (1789), and, especially in U.S., "description or title below an illustration" (1919).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
One of the things on project board list is to go back and look at captions on a
  variety of stock photos.
Happily, the text accompanies the drawings as captions, so you don't have to
  flip back and forth.
Readers, now's your chance to impress us with your witty captions.
Flex your funny bone and enter your creative captions in the comments area
  below.
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