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captive

[kap-tiv] /ˈkæp tɪv/
noun
1.
a prisoner.
2.
a person who is enslaved or dominated; slave:
He is the captive of his own fears.
adjective
3.
made or held prisoner, especially in war:
captive troops.
4.
kept in confinement or restraint:
captive animals.
5.
enslaved by love, beauty, etc.; captivated:
her captive beau.
6.
of or relating to a captive.
7.
managed as an affiliate or subsidiary of a corporation and operated almost exclusively for the use or needs of the parent corporation rather than independently for the general public:
a captive shop; a captive mine.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin captīvus, equivalent to capt(us) taken (past participle of capere to take) + -īvus -ive
Related forms
noncaptive, adjective
pseudocaptive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for captives
  • They held their captives for two days before releasing them.
  • In these rooms, captives deemed important were manacled to the bed frames.
  • After the war ended, the island continued holding captives, even as its significance as a fortress waned.
  • They became captives to the culture they were renouncing.
  • Besides the usual spoils of war, the conquerors sought human captives, which were essential for a king to maintain power.
  • Dancing was also seen as a form of exercise, which helped to preserve and maintain the captives' health during the tedious voyage.
  • She takes the captives to holding pens at her house until she can let them go far away from human activity.
  • Among the objects found among his bones was a small rectangular ceramic seal depicting a jackal and nine bound captives.
  • It depicts a queen grasping a handful of small, doomed captives.
  • Already the two captives have produced four healthy cubs.
British Dictionary definitions for captives

captive

/ˈkæptɪv/
noun
1.
a person or animal that is confined or restrained, esp a prisoner of war
2.
a person whose behaviour is dominated by some emotion: a captive of love
adjective
3.
held as prisoner
4.
held under restriction or control; confined: captive water held behind a dam
5.
captivated; enraptured
6.
unable by circumstances to avoid speeches, advertisements, etc (esp in the phrase captive audience)
Word Origin
C14: from Latin captīvus, from capere to take
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for captives

captive

adj.

late 14c., "imprisoned, enslaved," from Latin captivus "caught, taken prisoner," from captus, past participle of capere "to take, hold, seize" (see capable). As a noun from c.1400; an Old English noun was hæftling, from hæft "taken, seized."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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captives in the Bible

one taken in war. Captives were often treated with great cruelty and indignity (1 Kings 20:32; Josh. 10:24; Judg. 1:7; 2 Sam. 4:12; Judg. 8:7; 2 Sam. 12:31; 1 Chr. 20:3). When a city was taken by assault, all the men were slain, and the women and children carried away captive and sold as slaves (Isa. 20; 47:3; 2 Chr. 28:9-15; Ps. 44:12; Joel 3:3), and exposed to the most cruel treatment (Nah. 3:10; Zech. 14:2; Esther 3:13; 2 Kings 8:12; Isa. 13:16, 18). Captives were sometimes carried away into foreign countries, as was the case with the Jews (Jer. 20:5; 39:9, 10; 40:7).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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15
18
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