captive

[kap-tiv]
noun
1.
a prisoner.
2.
a person who is enslaved or dominated; slave: He is the captive of his own fears.
adjective
3.
made or held prisoner, especially in war: captive troops.
4.
kept in confinement or restraint: captive animals.
5.
enslaved by love, beauty, etc.; captivated: her captive beau.
6.
of or pertaining to a captive.
7.
managed as an affiliate or subsidiary of a corporation and operated almost exclusively for the use or needs of the parent corporation rather than independently for the general public: a captive shop; a captive mine.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin captīvus, equivalent to capt(us) taken (past participle of capere to take) + -īvus -ive

noncaptive, adjective
pseudocaptive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
captive (ˈkæptɪv)
 
n
1.  a person or animal that is confined or restrained, esp a prisoner of war
2.  a person whose behaviour is dominated by some emotion: a captive of love
 
adj
3.  held as prisoner
4.  held under restriction or control; confined: captive water held behind a dam
5.  captivated; enraptured
6.  unable by circumstances to avoid speeches, advertisements, etc (esp in the phrase captive audience)
 
[C14: from Latin captīvus, from capere to take]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

captive
late 14c., from L. captivus, from captus, pp. of capere "to take, hold, seize" (see capable). Replaced O.E. hæftling, from hæft "taken, seized."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Captive definition


one taken in war. Captives were often treated with great cruelty and indignity (1 Kings 20:32; Josh. 10:24; Judg. 1:7; 2 Sam. 4:12; Judg. 8:7; 2 Sam. 12:31; 1 Chr. 20:3). When a city was taken by assault, all the men were slain, and the women and children carried away captive and sold as slaves (Isa. 20; 47:3; 2 Chr. 28:9-15; Ps. 44:12; Joel 3:3), and exposed to the most cruel treatment (Nah. 3:10; Zech. 14:2; Esther 3:13; 2 Kings 8:12; Isa. 13:16, 18). Captives were sometimes carried away into foreign countries, as was the case with the Jews (Jer. 20:5; 39:9, 10; 40:7).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
They held their captives for two days before releasing them.
In these rooms, captives deemed important were manacled to the bed frames.
After the war ended, the island continued holding captives, even as its
  significance as a fortress waned.
They became captives to the culture they were renouncing.
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