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caravel

[kar-uh-vel] /ˈkær əˌvɛl/
noun
1.
a small Spanish or Portuguese sailing vessel of the Middle Ages and later, usually lateen-rigged on two or three masts.
Also, carvel.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; < Middle French car(a)velle < Portuguese caravela, equivalent to cárav(o) kind of ship (< Late Latin carabus a small wicker boat < Greek kárabos skiff, crayfish) + -ela diminutive suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for caravels

caravel

/ˈkærəˌvɛl/
noun
1.
a two- or three-masted sailing ship, esp one with a broad beam, high poop deck, and lateen rig that was used by the Spanish and Portuguese in the 15th and 16th centuries
Word Origin
C16: from Portuguese caravela, diminutive of caravo ship, ultimately from Greek karabos crab, horned beetle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for caravels
caravel
1527, from M.Fr. caravelle, from Port. caravela dim. of caravo "small vessel," from L.L. carabus "small wicker boat covered with leather," from Gk. karabos, lit. "beetle, lobster."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for caravels

caravel

a light sailing ship of the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries in Europe, much-used by the Spanish and Portuguese for long voyages. Apparently developed by the Portuguese for exploring the coast of Africa, the caravel's chief excellence lay in its capacity for sailing to windward. It was also capable of remarkable speed. Two of the three ships in which Christopher Columbus made his historic voyage in 1492 were caravels, the Nina and the Pinta.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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13
16
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