carbo nates


[n. kahr-buh-neyt, -nit; v. kahr-buh-neyt]
a salt or ester of carbonic acid.
verb (used with object), carbonated, carbonating.
to form into a carbonate.
to charge or impregnate with carbon dioxide: carbonated drinks.
to make sprightly; enliven.

1785–95; carbon(ic acid) + -ate2, later taken as -ate1

carbonator, noun
noncarbonate, noun
noncarbonated, adjective
semicarbonate, adjective
uncarbonated, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  a salt or ester of carbonic acid. Carbonate salts contain the divalent ion CO32--
2.  to form or turn into a carbonate
3.  (tr) to treat with carbon dioxide or carbonic acid, as in the manufacture of soft drinks
[C18: from French, from carbonecarbon]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1794, from Fr. carbonate, from Mod.L. carbonatem "a carbonated (substance)," from L. carbo (see carbon). The old name for carbon dioxide was carbonic acid (1791), hence, carbonated "containing carbon dioxide" (1858).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

carbonate car·bon·ate (kär'bə-nāt')
A salt or ester of carbonic acid.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
carbonate   (kär'bə-nāt')  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A salt or ester of carbonic acid, containing the group CO3. The reaction of carbonic acid with a metal results in a salt (such as sodium carbonate), and the reaction of carbonic acid with an organic compound results in an ester (such as diethyl carbonate).

  2. Any other compound containing the group CO3. Carbonates include minerals such as calcite and aragonite.

  3. Sediment or a sedimentary rock formed by the precipitation of organic or inorganic carbon from an aqueous solution of carbonates of calcium, magnesium, or iron. Limestone is a carbonate rock.

Verb   To add carbon dioxide to a substance, such as a beverage.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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