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Carbonari

[kahr-buh-nahr-ee; Italian kahr-baw-nah-ree] /ˌkɑr bəˈnɑr i; Italian ˌkɑr bɔˈnɑ ri/
plural noun, singular Carbonaro
[kahr-buh-nahr-oh; Italian kahr-baw-nah-raw] /ˌkɑr bəˈnɑr oʊ; Italian ˌkɑr bɔˈnɑ rɔ/ (Show IPA).
European History
1.
the members of a secret political society in the early part of the 19th century, active in Italy, France, and Spain.
Origin
1815-1825
1815-25; < Italian, plural of carbonaro charcoal burner < Latin carbōnār(ius), equivalent to carbōn- (stem of carbō) charcoal + -ārius -ary
Related forms
Carbonarism, noun
Carbonarist, noun, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for carbonarism

Carbonari

/ˌkɑːbəˈnɑːrɪ/
plural noun (sing) -naro (-ˈnɑːrəʊ)
1.
a secret political society with liberal republican aims, originating in S Italy about 1811 and particularly engaged in the struggle for Italian unification
Word Origin
C19: from Italian, plural of carbonaro seller or burner of charcoal, name adopted by the society
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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