carbonic anhydrase

carbonic anhydrase

[an-hahy-dreys, -dreyz]
noun Biochemistry.
an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible combination of carbon dioxide with water in red blood cells.

Origin:
1835–45; anhydr- + -ase

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World English Dictionary
carbonic anhydrase
 
n
an enzyme in blood cells that catalyses the decomposition of carbonic acid into carbon dioxide and water, facilitating the transport of carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
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carbonic anhydrase

enzyme found in red blood cells, gastric mucosa, pancreatic cells, and renal tubules that catalyzes the interconversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbonic acid (H2CO3). Carbonic anhydrase plays an important role in respiration by influencing CO2 transport in the blood. The enzyme also functions in the formation of hydrochloric acid by the stomach.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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