cardamum

cardamom

[kahr-duh-muhm]
noun
1.
the aromatic seed capsules of a tropical Asian plant, Elettaria cardamomum, of the ginger family, used as a spice or condiment and in medicine.
2.
the plant itself.
3.
a related plant, Amomum compactum, or its seeds, used as a substitute for true cardamom.
Also, cardamon [kahr-duh-muhn] , cardamum.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin cardamōmum < Greek kardámōnon, blend of kárdamon cress and ámōmon a spice plant

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World English Dictionary
cardamom, cardamum or cardamon (ˈkɑːdəməm, ˈkɑːdəmən)
 
n
1.  a tropical Asian zingiberaceous plant, Elettaria cardamomum, that has large hairy leaves
2.  the seeds of this plant, used esp as a spice or condiment
3.  a related East Indian plant, Amomum cardamomum, whose seeds are used as a substitute for cardamom seeds
 
[C15: from Latin cardamōmum, from Greek kardamōmon, from kardamon cress + amōmon an Indian spice]
 
cardamum, cardamum or cardamon
 
n
 
[C15: from Latin cardamōmum, from Greek kardamōmon, from kardamon cress + amōmon an Indian spice]
 
cardamon, cardamum or cardamon
 
n
 
[C15: from Latin cardamōmum, from Greek kardamōmon, from kardamon cress + amōmon an Indian spice]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cardamom
1553, from L. cardamomum, from Gk. kardamomon, from kardamon "cress" + amomon "spice plant."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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