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caribou

[kar-uh-boo] /ˈkær əˌbu/
noun, plural caribous (especially collectively) caribou.
1.
any of several large, North American deer of the genus Rangifer, related to the reindeer of the Old World.
Origin
1665-1675
1665-75, Americanism; < Canadian French caribou, replacing earlier English caribo, both < Micmac γalipu derivative (agent noun) of γalipi- shovel snow < Proto-Algonquian *maka·lipi-; called the snow-shoveler from its habit of scraping aside snow with its front hoofs in search of food
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for caribou

caribou

/ˈkærɪˌbuː/
noun (pl) -bou, -bous
1.
a large deer, Rangifer tarandus, of Arctic regions of North America, having large branched antlers in the male and female: also occurs in Europe and Asia, where it is called a reindeer Also called (Canadian) tuktu
Word Origin
C18: from Canadian French, of Algonquian origin; compare Micmac khalibu literally: scratcher

Caribou

/ˈkærɪˌbuː/
noun
1.
(Canadian) a mixed drink containing wine and grain alcohol
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for caribou
n.

also cariboo, 1660s, from Canadian French caribou, from Micmac (Algonquian) kaleboo or a related Algonquian name, literally "pawer, scratcher," from its kicking snow aside to feed on moss and grass.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for caribou

Caribou

city, Aroostook county, northeastern Maine, U.S. It lies along the Aroostook River, near the New Brunswick border, 13 miles (21 km) north of Presque Isle. Settled in 1824, it developed as a lumbering centre and was incorporated in 1859 as Lyndon. It was renamed Caribou in 1877 for the woodland caribou once plentiful in the region. The city is the shipping point for a large potato-growing region. Light industries produce potato-packing bags, automotive electronic control devices, and custom steel products. It serves as a gateway to Maine's Great North Woods and the Allagash outdoor recreation area. Caribou's Nylander Museum houses Indian artifacts, minerals, and geologic items collected by the Swedish-born naturalist and geologist Olaf Nylander. Caribou was the departure point for the first solo transatlantic balloon flight (1984). Inc. city, 1968. Pop. (1990) 9,415; (2000) 8,312.

Learn more about Caribou with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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