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eldest son of Louis II the German and Emma and father of the emperor Arnulf. Appointed by his father to govern the eastern frontier of Bavaria, Carloman rebelled against his father in 861 and in 862-863; nevertheless, in 865 he was entrusted with a share in Louis's authority, being granted jurisdiction over Bavaria and Carinthia. After this he remained loyal to his father, even helping to suppress the rebellion of his two younger brothers (866) and taking part in a campaign against the Moravians (869). The latter by 874 were forced to admit Frankish supremacy. After the death of the emperor Louis II (875), a faction in northern Italy favoured Carloman as candidate for the imperial crown; but Pope John VIII preferred Charles II the Bald. When Louis the German died (876), Carloman succeeded him as king of some of the German territories. In undisputed control of Bavaria, he promptly crossed the Alps on the death of Charles the Bald (877) and was recognized as king in northern Italy. The Pope, however, still refused him the imperial crown. Falling ill, Carloman had to renounce his northern lands and titles to his brother Louis III the Younger. His illegitimate son Arnulf became emperor in 896.