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An American industrial leader of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Carnegie, a self-made man, immigrated to the United States from Scotland without money and made millions in the steel industry. He sold his steel interests in 1901 and gave most of the proceeds away, largely to educational, cultural, and peacemaking organizations. For example, Carnegie money went toward the founding of free public libraries in many cities and to the establishment of Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City.