carotenoid

[kuh-rot-n-oid] Biochemistry.
noun
1.
any of a group of red and yellow pigments, chemically similar to carotene, contained in animal fat and some plants.
adjective
2.
similar to carotene.
3.
pertaining to carotenoids.
Also, carotinoid.


Origin:
1910–15; carotene + -oid

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Collins
World English Dictionary
carotenoid or carotinoid (kəˈrɒtɪˌnɔɪd)
 
n
1.  any of a group of red or yellow pigments, including carotenes, found in plants and certain animal tissues
 
adj
2.  of or resembling carotene or a carotenoid
 
carotinoid or carotinoid
 
n
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

carotenoids
1913, from Ger. carotinoïde (1911), from carotin (1831) "hydrocarbon found in carrots and other plants" (see carotene) + -oid.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

carotenoid ca·rot·e·noid (kə-rŏt'n-oid')
n.
Any of a class of yellow to red pigments, including the carotenes and the xanthophylls. adj.
Of, relating to, or characterizing such a pigment.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
carotenoid   (kə-rŏt'n-oid')  Pronunciation Key 
Any of a class of yellow to red pigments found especially in plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Carotenoids generally consist of conjoined units of the hydrocarbon isoprene, with alternating single and double bonds. The carotenoids absorb light energy of certain frequencies and transfer it to chlorophyll for use in photosynthesis. They also act as antioxidants for chlorophyll, protecting it from damage by oxidation in the presence of sunlight. Carotenoids are nutritionally important for many animals, giving flamingoes their color, for example, and also have antioxidant properties. There are many types of carotenoids, including carotenes and xanthophylls. See more at photosynthesis.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The flamingo's bright pink coloration comes from its diet-animals can't synthesize the carotenoids that color these feathers.
In short, carotenoids appear to compensate for the effect of testosterone by keeping the immune system strong.
To best absorb these carotenoids, you actually need dietary fat.
The green aphids have carotenoids that are yellow in colour.
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