carpenter bee

noun
any of several solitary bees of the family Apidae that nest in solid wood, boring tunnels in which to deposit their eggs.

Origin:
1830–40

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Collins
World English Dictionary
carpenter bee
 
n
any large solitary bee of the genus Xylocopa and related genera that lays its eggs in tunnels bored into wood or in plant stems: family Apidae

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

carpenter bee

any of a group of small bees in the family Anthophoridae (order Hymenoptera) that are found in most areas of the world. The small carpenter bee, Ceratina, is about six millimetres long and of metallic coloration. It nests in plant stems, which the female first hollows out and then packs with pollen and eggs. A number of individual cells are placed in a row, separated by thin partitions of wood debris mixed with saliva. The large carpenter bee, Xylocopa, somewhat resembles the bumblebee but differs in having a nonhairy abdomen and in its habit of nesting in a tunnel excavated within solid wood. Xylocopa are often considered pests because of their tunneling in structural wood such as that of buildings and fences.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Carpenter bee nests are provisioned in the spring and summer.
With its relatively simple construction, this carpenter bee trap is unusually effective.
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