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carp1

[kahrp] /kɑrp/
verb (used without object)
1.
to find fault or complain querulously or unreasonably; be niggling in criticizing; cavil:
to carp at minor errors.
noun
2.
a peevish complaint.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English carpen to speak, prate < Old Norse karpa to brag, wrangle
Related forms
carper, noun
Synonyms
1. criticize, deprecate, condemn, censure.

carp2

[kahrp] /kɑrp/
noun, plural (especially collectively) carp (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) carps.
1.
a large freshwater cyprinid fish, Cyprinus carpio, native to Asia but widely introduced in tropical and temperate waters: an important food fish in many countries.
2.
any of various other fishes of the family Cyprinidae.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English carpe < Middle French < Middle Dutch or Middle Low German karpe; cognate with Old High German karpfo
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for carps

carp1

/kɑːp/
verb
1.
(intransitive) often foll by at. to complain or find fault; nag pettily
Derived Forms
carper, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse karpa to boast; related to Latin carpere to pluck

carp2

/kɑːp/
noun (pl) carp, carps
1.
a freshwater teleost food fish, Cyprinus carpio, having a body covered with cycloid scales, a naked head, one long dorsal fin, and two barbels on each side of the mouth: family Cyprinidae
2.
any other fish of the family Cyprinidae; a cyprinid
related
adjectives cyprinid cyprinoid
Word Origin
C14: from Old French carpe, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German karpfo, Old Norse karfi
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for carps

carp

n.

type of freshwater fish, late 14c., from Old French carpe "carp" (13c.) and directly from Vulgar Latin carpa (source also of Italian carpa, Spanish carpa), from a Germanic source (cf. Middle Dutch carpe, Dutch karper, Old High German karpfo, German Karpfen "carp"); possibly the immediate source is Gothic *karpa. A Danube fish (hence the proposed East Germanic origin of its name), introduced in English ponds 14c. Lithuanian karpis, Russian karp are Germanic loan words.

v.

"complain," early 13c., originally "to talk," from Old Norse karpa "to brag," of unknown origin; meaning turned toward "find fault with" (late 14c.), probably by influence of Latin carpere "to slander, revile," literally "to pluck" (see harvest (n.)). Related: Carped; carping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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