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cascade

[kas-keyd] /kæsˈkeɪd/
noun
1.
a waterfall descending over a steep, rocky surface.
2.
a series of shallow or steplike waterfalls, either natural or artificial.
3.
anything that resembles a waterfall, especially in seeming to flow or fall in abundance:
a cascade of roses covering the wall.
4.
(in a drain or sewer) a chain of steps for dissipating the momentum of falling water in a steep place in order to maintain a steady rate of flow.
5.
an arrangement of a lightweight fabric in folds falling one over another in random or zigzag fashion.
6.
a type of firework resembling a waterfall in effect.
7.
Chemistry. a series of vessels, from each of which a fluid successively overflows to the next, thus presenting a large absorbing surface, as to a gas.
8.
Electricity. an arrangement of component devices, as electrolytic cells, each of which feeds into the next in succession.
9.
Biochemistry. a series of reactions catalyzed by enzymes that are activated sequentially by successive products of the reactions, resulting in an amplification of the initial response.
verb (used without object), cascaded, cascading.
10.
to fall in or like a cascade.
verb (used with object), cascaded, cascading.
11.
to cause to fall in a cascade.
12.
Electricity. to arrange (components) in a cascade.
Origin
1635-1645
1635-45; < French < Italian cascata, equivalent to casc(are) to fall (< Vulgar Latin *cāsicāre, equivalent to cās(us) fallen (past participle of cadere) + -icā- formative v. suffix + -re infinitive ending) + -ata -ade1
Related forms
cascader, noun
uncascaded, adjective
uncascading, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for cascaded
  • The glitch cascaded, preventing air traffic control computers nationwide from communicating.
  • The violence then cascaded to others, who took advantage of the social disorder for other reasons.
  • It affected a library of re-usable components, which then cascaded through whole subsystems of security layers.
  • All the cards cascaded to the floor, except one: the once-lost, signed selection would be tacked to the wall.
  • Books, magazines, articles and clippings cascaded from every shelf and table and covered much of the floor.
  • Mud and boulders cascaded down the mountain, crushing people in their path.
  • But the inflation that came with such torrid growth also cascaded downwards, affecting the cost of living across the country.
  • The essential mode of delivery is the municipal gas main in either the cascaded or on demand fueling system.
  • Up to four networks can be cascaded to make up this simulated network.
  • Several large communications outreach initiatives have been undertaken and cascaded throughout the organization.
British Dictionary definitions for cascaded

cascade

/kæsˈkeɪd/
noun
1.
a waterfall or series of waterfalls over rocks
2.
something resembling this, such as folds of lace
3.
  1. a consecutive sequence of chemical or physical processes
  2. (as modifier) cascade liquefaction
4.
  1. a series of stages in the processing chain of an electrical signal where each operates the next in turn
  2. (as modifier) a cascade amplifier
5.
the cumulative process responsible for the formation of an electrical discharge, cosmic-ray shower, or Geiger counter avalanche in a gas
6.
the sequence of spontaneous decays by an excited atom or ion
verb
7.
(intransitive) to flow or fall in or like a cascade
Word Origin
C17: from French, from Italian cascata, from cascare to fall, ultimately from Latin cadere to fall
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cascaded
cascade
1641, from Fr., from It. cascata "waterfall," from cascare "to fall," from V.L. *casicare, from L. casum, pp. of cadere "to fall" (see case (1)). The verb is attested from 1702.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cascaded in Medicine

cascade cas·cade (kā-skād')
n.
A succession of actions, processes, or operations, as of a physiological process.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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cascaded in Science
cascade
  (kās-kād')   
A series of chemical or physiological processes that occur in successive stages, each of which is dependent on the preceding one, to produce a culminating effect. The steps involved in the clotting of blood occur as a cascade.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for cascaded

cascade

waterfall, especially a series of small falls, consisting of water descending over rocks or boulders. It may be natural or it may be artificial. The cascade has often been used as a feature of formal gardens.

Learn more about cascade with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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