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cassock

[kas-uh k] /ˈkæs ək/
noun
1.
a long, close-fitting garment worn by members of the clergy or others participating in church services.
2.
a lightweight, double-breasted ecclesiastical coat or jacket, worn under the Geneva gown.
3.
a member of the clergy.
Origin
1540-1550
1540-50; < Middle French casaque, perhaps < a Turkic word akin to the source of cossack
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cassock

cassock

/ˈkæsək/
noun
1.
(Christianity) an ankle-length garment, usually black, worn by priests and choristers
Derived Forms
cassocked, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Old French casaque, from Italian casacca a long coat, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for cassock
cassock
c.1550, from M.Fr. casaque "long coat," probably ultimately from Turk. quzzak "nomad, adventurer," (the source of Cossack), an allusion to their typical riding coat. Or perhaps from Arabic kazagand, from Pers. kazhagand "padded coat," from kazh "raw silk" + agana "stuffed."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for cassock

long garment worn by Roman Catholic and other clergy both as ordinary dress and under liturgical garments. The cassock, with button closure, has long sleeves and fits the body closely. In the Roman Catholic church the colour and trim vary with the ecclesiastical rank of the wearer: the pope wears plain white, cardinals black with scarlet trim, archbishops and bishops black with red trim, and lesser clergy plain black. In choir and church ceremonies the pope wears a white silk cassock; cardinals wear scarlet, except in penitential seasons when they wear purple; and lesser clergy wear plain black.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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15
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