castigate

[kas-ti-geyt]
verb (used with object), castigated, castigating.
1.
to criticize or reprimand severely.
2.
to punish in order to correct.

Origin:
1600–10; < Latin castīgātus literally, driven to be faultless (past participle of castigāre to chasten), equivalent to cast(us) pure, chaste + -īg-, combining form of agere to drive, incite + -ātus -ate1

castigation, noun
castigative, castigatory [kas-ti-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , adjective
castigator, noun
noncastigating, adjective
noncastigation, noun
self-castigating, adjective
self-castigation, noun
uncastigated, adjective
uncastigative, adjective


1. scold, reprove. 2. discipline, chastise, chasten.
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World English Dictionary
castigate (ˈkæstɪˌɡeɪt)
 
vb
(tr) to rebuke or criticize in a severe manner; chastise
 
[C17: from Latin castīgāre to correct, punish, from castum pure + agere to compel (to be)]
 
casti'gation
 
n
 
'castigator
 
n
 
casti'gatory
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

castigate
1607, from L. castigatus pp. of castigare "to purify, chastise," from castus "pure" (see caste) + agere "to do." Sense of "make someone pure by correcting or reproving him."
"If thou didst put this soure cold habit on To castigate thy pride, 'twere well." [Shakespeare, "Timon" IV.iii (1607)]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
And they are castigated by consumers who perceive them as opportunistic exploitations of human frailties.
The oppression of workers and immigrants was publicly castigated.
The exclusive representative of the employees was castigated and demeaned by the head of the facility where the employees work.
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