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castigate

[kas-ti-geyt] /ˈkæs tɪˌgeɪt/
verb (used with object), castigated, castigating.
1.
to criticize or reprimand severely.
2.
to punish in order to correct.
Origin
1600-1610
1600-10; < Latin castīgātus literally, driven to be faultless (past participle of castigāre to chasten), equivalent to cast(us) pure, chaste + -īg-, combining form of agere to drive, incite + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
castigation, noun
castigative, castigatory
[kas-ti-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˈkæs tɪ gəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
castigator, noun
noncastigating, adjective
noncastigation, noun
self-castigating, adjective
self-castigation, noun
uncastigated, adjective
uncastigative, adjective
Synonyms
1. scold, reprove. 2. discipline, chastise, chasten.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for castigatory

castigate

/ˈkæstɪˌɡeɪt/
verb
1.
(transitive) to rebuke or criticize in a severe manner; chastise
Derived Forms
castigation, noun
castigator, noun
castigatory, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Latin castīgāre to correct, punish, from castum pure + agere to compel (to be)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for castigatory

castigate

v.

c.1600, from Latin castigatus, past participle of castigare "to correct, set right; purify; chastise, punish," from castus "pure" (see caste) + agere "to do" (see act (n.)). The notion behind the word is "make someone pure by correcting or reproving him."

If thou didst put this soure cold habit on To castigate thy pride, 'twere well. [Shakespeare, "Timon" IV.iii (1607)]
Related: Castigated; castigating; castigator; castigatory.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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