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castle

[kas-uh l, kah-suh l] /ˈkæs əl, ˈkɑ səl/
noun
1.
a fortified, usually walled residence, as of a prince or noble in feudal times.
2.
the chief and strongest part of the fortifications of a medieval city.
3.
a strongly fortified, permanently garrisoned stronghold.
4.
a large and stately residence, especially one, with high walls and towers, that imitates the form of a medieval castle.
5.
any place providing security and privacy:
It may be small, but my home is my castle.
6.
Chess. the rook.
verb (used with object), castled, castling.
7.
to place or enclose in or as in a castle.
8.
Chess. to move (the king) in castling.
verb (used without object), castled, castling. Chess.
9.
to move the king two squares horizontally and bring the appropriate rook to the square the king has passed over.
10.
(of the king) to be moved in this manner.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English, Old English castel < Latin castellum castellum
Related forms
castlelike, adjective
uncastled, adjective
Synonyms
1. fortress, citadel. 4. palace, château.

Castle

[kas-uh l, kah-suh l] /ˈkæs əl, ˈkɑ səl/
noun
1.
Irene (Foote) 1893–1969, born in the U.S., and her husband and partner Vernon, (Vernon Castle Blythe), 1887–1918, born in England, U.S. ballroom dancers.

Castle, The

noun
1.
German Das Schloss. a novel (1926) by Franz Kafka.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for castles
  • Guilds are able to increase their point intake by controlling more castles at once.
  • This is why some beaches are much better for building sand castles than others.
  • castles were places of protection from an invading enemy, a place of retreat.
  • In motte and bailey castles, the keep typically surmounted the motte.
  • Many early castles and certain later ones were nothing more than simple towers.
  • Construction castles were constructed of wood, stone and also brick.
  • castles, not surprisingly were expensive to build, considering workers and materials.
British Dictionary definitions for castles

castle

/ˈkɑːsəl/
noun
1.
a fortified building or set of buildings, usually permanently garrisoned, as in medieval Europe
2.
any fortified place or structure
3.
a large magnificent house, esp when the present or former home of a nobleman or prince
4.
the citadel and strongest part of the fortifications of a medieval town
5.
(chess) another name for rook2
verb
6.
(chess) to move (the king) two squares laterally on the first rank and place the nearest rook on the square passed over by the king, either towards the king's side (castling short) or the queen's side (castling long)
Word Origin
C11: from Latin castellum, diminutive of castrum fort
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for castles

castle

n.

late Old English castel "village" (this sense from a biblical usage in Vulgar Latin); later "large fortified building, stronghold," in this sense from Old North French castel (Old French chastel, 12c.; Modern French château), from Latin castellum "a castle, fort, citadel, stronghold; fortified village," diminutive of castrum "fort," from Proto-Italic *kastro- "part, share;" cognate with Old Irish cather, Welsh caer "town" (and perhaps related to castrare via notion of "cut off;" see caste). In early bibles, castle was used to translate Greek kome "village."

This word also had come to Old English as ceaster and formed the -caster and -chester in place names. Spanish alcazar "castle" is from Arabic al-qasr, from Latin castrum. Castles in Spain translates 14c. French chastel en Espaigne (the imaginary castles sometimes stood in Brie, Asia, or Albania) and probably reflects the hopes of landless knights to establish themselves abroad. The statement that an (English) man's home is his castle is from 16c.

v.

move in chess, recorded under this name from 1650s, from castle (n.), as an old alternative name for the rook, one of the pieces moved. Related: Castled; castling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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castles in the Bible

a military fortress (1 Chr. 11:7), also probably a kind of tower used by the priests for making known anything discovered at a distance (1 Chr. 6:54). Castles are also mentioned (Gen. 25:16) as a kind of watch-tower, from which shepherds kept watch over their flocks by night. The "castle" into which the chief captain commanded Paul to be brought was the quarters of the Roman soldiers in the fortress of Antonia (so called by Herod after his patron Mark Antony), which was close to the north-west corner of the temple (Acts 21:34), which it commanded.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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9
11
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