castres

Encyclopedia

castres

town, Tarn departement, Midi-Pyrenees region, southern France, on the Agout River, east of Toulouse. The site of a Gallo-Roman camp, the town developed around a Benedictine monastery that was founded about 647. Guy de Montfort, brother of Simon de Montfort, handed down the seigneury in the 13th century; but from the mid-16th century the town embraced the Protestant Reformation, and historians even styled it a Protestant republic. Louis XIII subdued Castres, which later suffered economically when leading Protestants fled the country at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685). Under Louis XIV, Castres once again became prosperous; the town hall (designed by Jules Hardouin-Mansart), Baroque churches, and other public buildings are legacies of this flourishing period. The textile industry has thrived in the town since the 13th century. Castres's machine tools have a world market, and pharmaceuticals are produced there as well. Pop. (1999) 43,496; (2005 est.) 42,900

Learn more about Castres with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Explore Dictionary.com
Previous Definition: castrensian
Next Definition: castries
Words Near: castres
More from Thesaurus.com
Synonyms and Antonyms for castres
More from Reference.com
Search for articles containing castres
More from Dictionary.com Translator
Dictionary.com Word FAQs

Dictionary.com presents 366 FAQs, incorporating some of the frequently asked questions from the past with newer queries.

Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature