cat scratch disease

cat-scratch disease

[kat-skrach]
noun Pathology.
a disorder characterized by fever and swelling of the lymph glands, caused by a viral infection resulting from the scratch or bite of a cat.
Also called cat-scratch fever.
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  cat scratch disease
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  See cat scratch fever
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cat scratch disease n.
An infectious disease that may follow the scratch or bite of a cat, producing localized inflammation of lymph nodes and a low-grade fever. Also called benign inoculation lymphoreticulosis, benign inoculation reticulosis, cat scratch fever, regional granulomatous lymphadenitis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

cat scratch disease

bacterial infection in human beings caused by Bartonella henselae, which is transmitted by a cat bite or scratch. Transmission of the bacterium from cat to cat is thought to be by the cat flea. The clinical syndrome in the infected person is usually a self-limiting enlargement of the lymph nodes not requiring antibiotic treatment, but some patients develop serious health problems, including encephalopathy, endocarditis, and osteomyelitis (diseases involving the brain, the heart, and bone, respectively). Immunocompromised people are at high risk from pet-transmitted diseases, including cat scratch disease. Nevertheless, they often benefit significantly from pet companionship. If special emphasis is placed on good hygiene in dealing with the pet, the risk can be greatly reduced

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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