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cat-scratch disease

[kat-skrach] /ˈkætˌskrætʃ/
noun, Pathology
1.
a disorder characterized by fever and swelling of the lymph glands, caused by a viral infection resulting from the scratch or bite of a cat.
Also called cat-scratch fever.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Contemporary definitions for cat scratch disease
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cat scratch disease in Medicine

cat scratch disease n.
An infectious disease that may follow the scratch or bite of a cat, producing localized inflammation of lymph nodes and a low-grade fever. Also called benign inoculation lymphoreticulosis, benign inoculation reticulosis, cat scratch fever, regional granulomatous lymphadenitis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for cat scratch disease

bacterial infection in human beings caused by Bartonella henselae, which is transmitted by a cat bite or scratch. Transmission of the bacterium from cat to cat is thought to be by the cat flea. The clinical syndrome in the infected person is usually a self-limiting enlargement of the lymph nodes not requiring antibiotic treatment, but some patients develop serious health problems, including encephalopathy, endocarditis, and osteomyelitis (diseases involving the brain, the heart, and bone, respectively). Immunocompromised people are at high risk from pet-transmitted diseases, including cat scratch disease. Nevertheless, they often benefit significantly from pet companionship. If special emphasis is placed on good hygiene in dealing with the pet, the risk can be greatly reduced

Learn more about cat scratch disease with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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