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catenation

[kat-n-ey-shuh n] /ˌkæt nˈeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act or process of catenating.
2.
Chemistry. the linking of identical atoms to form chainlike molecules.
Origin
1635-1645
1635-45; < Latin catēnātiōn-, stem of catēnātiō; see catenate, -ion
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for cat-enation

catenation

chemical linkage into chains of atoms of the same element, occurring only among the atoms of an element that has a valence of at least two and that forms relatively strong bonds with itself. The property is predominant among carbon atoms, significant among sulfur and silicon atoms, and slightly present among germanium, nitrogen, selenium, and tellurium atoms. See also polymerization.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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