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catchpole

[kach-pohl] /ˈkætʃˌpoʊl/
noun
1.
(formerly) a petty officer of justice, especially one arresting persons for debt.
Also, catchpoll.
Origin
late Old English
1050
before 1050; Middle English cacchepol, late Old English cæcephol < Medieval Latin cacepollus tax-gatherer, literally, chase-fowl, equivalent to cace- (< Old North French; see catch) + pollus < Latin pullus chick; see pullet
Related forms
catchpolery, catchpollery, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for catchpoll

catchpole

/ˈkætʃˌpəʊl/
noun
1.
(in medieval England) a sheriff's officer who arrested debtors
Word Origin
Old English cæcepol, from Medieval Latin cacepollus tax-gatherer, literally: chicken-chaser, from cace-catch + pollus (from Latin pullus chick)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for catchpoll
n.

Old English *kæcepol "tax-gatherer," from Old North French cachepol (Old French chacepol), from Medieval Latin cacepollus "a tax gatherer," literally "chase-chicken." For first element see chase (v.), for second see pullet. In lieu of taxes they would confiscate poultry. Later in English more specifically as "a sheriff's officer whose duty was to make arrests for debt." Cf. Old French chacipolerie "tax paid to a nobleman by his subjects allowing them and their families to shelter in his castle in wartime."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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