medieval European school run by cathedral clergy. Originally the function of such schools was to train priests, but later they taught lay students as well-usually boys of noble families being prepared for high positions in church, state, or commercial affairs. Every cathedral had such a school; there were generally fewer than 100 students in a school. Notable cathedral schools during the early European Middle Ages (late 8th and early 9th centuries) were at York, North Yorkshire, Eng.; Orleans, Fr.; and Reims, Fr.
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