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cathedral

[kuh-thee-druh l] /kəˈθi drəl/
noun
1.
the principal church of a diocese, containing the bishop's throne.
2.
(in nonepiscopal denominations) any of various important churches.
adjective
3.
pertaining to or containing a bishop's throne.
4.
pertaining to or emanating from a chair of office or authority.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Late Latin cathedrālis (ecclesia) a cathedral (church). See cathedra, -al1
Related forms
cathedrallike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cathedrals
  • The funerals of those famous within the community are invariably held at cathedrals.
  • Some cathedrals also have a chapter house where the chapter could meet.
  • For these reason, tourists have travelled to cathedrals for hundred of years.
British Dictionary definitions for cathedrals

cathedral

/kəˈθiːdrəl/
noun
1.
  1. the principal church of a diocese, containing the bishop's official throne
  2. (as modifier): a cathedral city, cathedral clergy
Word Origin
C13: from Late Latin (ecclesia) cathedrālis cathedral (church), from cathedra bishop's throne, from Greek kathedra seat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cathedrals

cathedral

n.

1580s, "church of a bishop," from phrase cathedral church (c.1300), partially translating Late Latin ecclesia cathedralis "church of a bishop's seat," from Latin cathedra "an easy chair (principally used by ladies)," also metonymically, e.g. cathedrae molles "luxurious women;" also "a professor's chair;" from Greek kathedra "seat, bench," from kata "down" (see cata-) + hedra "seat, base, chair, face of a geometric solid," from PIE root *sed- (1) "to sit" (see sedentary).

It was born an adjective, and attempts to cobble further adjectivization onto it in 17c. yielded cathedraical (1670s), cathedratic (1660s), cathedratical (1660s), after which the effort seems to have been given up.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cathedrals in Culture

cathedral definition


A Christian church building in which a bishop has his official seat (cathedra is Latin for “chair”). A cathedral is usually large and imposing, and many cathedrals are important in the history of architecture. (See Chartres, Notre Dame de Paris, and Saint Paul's Cathedral.)

cathedral definition


A church building in which a Christian bishop has his official seat; cathedra is Latin for “chair.” Cathedrals are usually large and imposing, and many have been important in the development of architecture. The building of a cathedral, especially in the Middle Ages, was a project in which the entire town took part. (See Chartres; Notre Dame de Paris; and Saint Paul's Cathedral.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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