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catholicos

[kuh-thol-i-kuh s, -kos] /kəˈθɒl ɪ kəs, -ˌkɒs/
noun, plural catholicoses, catholicoi
[kuh-thol-i-koi] /kəˈθɒl ɪˌkɔɪ/ (Show IPA)
1.
(often initial capital letter) Eastern Church.
  1. any of the heads of certain autocephalous churches.
  2. (in some autocephalous churches) a primate subject to a patriarch and having authority over metropolitans.
2.
(in the early Christian church) the head of monasteries in the same city.
Origin
1615-1625
1615-25; < Late Greek katholikós, noun use of Greek adj.; see catholic
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for catholicos

Catholicos

/kəˈθɒlɪkɒs/
noun
1.
the patriarch of the Armenian Church
Word Origin
C17: from Greek katholikos; see catholic
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for catholicos

("universal" bishop), in Eastern Christian Churches, title of certain ecclesiastical superiors. In earlier times the designation had occasionally been used, like archimandrite and exarch, for a superior abbot; but the title eventually came to denote a bishop who, while head of a major church, was still in some way dependent on his patriarch. The titles catholicos and patriarch later became synonymous and were both applied to the heads of the Armenian, Nestorian (Assyrian), and Georgian churches. In the Armenian Church there are two catholicoi: the supreme catholicos of Ejmiadzin and the catholicos of Sis. The title catholicos patriarch is also used by the primates of the Armenian Catholic Church and the Chaldean Church

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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