cayenne pepper

cayenne

[kahy-en, key-]
noun
1.
a hot, biting condiment composed of the ground pods and seeds of the pepper Capsicum annuum longum.
2.
the long, wrinkled, twisted fruit of this plant.
3.
the plant itself.
Also called cayenne pepper.


Origin:
1750–60; short for cayenne pepper, formerly cayan < Tupi kyinha, but long associated with Cayenne

cayenned, adjective
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World English Dictionary
Cayenne (keɪˈɛn)
 
n
the capital of French Guiana, on an island at the mouth of the Cayenne River: French penal settlement from 1854 to 1938. Pop: 50 594 (1999)

cayenne pepper (keɪˈɛn)
 
n
Often shortened to: cayenne, Also called: red pepper a very hot condiment, bright red in colour, made from the dried seeds and pods of various capsicums
 
[C18: ultimately from Tupi quiynha]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cayenne
1756, from Tupi (Brazil) kyynha, mistakenly associated with town of Cayenne in Fr. Guyana. The town name is the Fr. form of Guyana.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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