a white to pale-blue mineral, strontium sulfate, SrSO 4 , occurring in tabular crystals, the principal ore of strontium.
Also, celestine [sel-i-stin, -stahyn] .

1850–55; celest(ine) celestite (< German Zölestin < Latin coelest(is), variant of caelestis celestial + German -in -in2) + -ite1

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celestite or celestine (ˈsɛlɪˌstaɪt, ˈsɛlɪstɪn, -ˌstaɪn)
a white, red, or blue mineral consisting of strontium sulphate in orthorhombic crystalline form: a source of strontium compounds. Formula: SrSO4
[C19: from German Zölestin, from Latin caelestiscelestial (referring to the blue colour) + -ite1]
celestine or celestine
[C19: from German Zölestin, from Latin caelestiscelestial (referring to the blue colour) + -ite1]

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Encyclopedia Britannica


mineral that is a naturally occurring form of strontium sulfate (SrSO4). It resembles barite, barium sulfate, but is much less common. Barium is interchangeable with strontium in the crystal structure; there is a gradation between celestine and barite. Celestine occurs in sedimentary rocks, particularly dolomites and dolomitic limestones, throughout the world and also is present in hydrothermal veins and in cavities in basic eruptive rocks. Celestine is mined as a source of strontium for use in sugar-beet refining and in the manufacture of pyrotechnics. It is abundant in Sicily; Bristol, Eng.; on South Bass Island, Lake Erie, Ohio; and in San Bernardino county, Calif. For detailed physical properties, see sulfate mineral (table)

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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