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cell body

noun, Biology
the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm, excluding the axons and dendrites.
Also called perikaryon.
Origin of cell body
1875-80 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for cell body
  • When a smell molecule binds to a receptor, the receptor sends a signal up the dendrite to the cell body.
  • Venter has already transferred the genome of one species into the cell body of another.
  • It lies in the branches beyond, before it gets to the cell body.
  • As noted above, messages that are received by dendrites are relayed to the cell body and then to the axon.
  • The main part of the cell, the part that carries on the general functions, is the cell body.
cell body in Medicine

cell body n.
The part of a neuron containing the nucleus but not incorporating the axon and dendrites. Also called soma.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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cell body in Science
cell body  
The portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus but does not incorporate the dendrites or axon.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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