cellulose

[sel-yuh-lohs]
noun
an inert carbohydrate, (C 6 H 10 O 5 ) n, the chief constituent of the cell walls of plants and of wood, cotton, hemp, paper, etc.

Origin:
1745–55; < Neo-Latin cellul(a) live cell (see cellular) + -ose2

cellulosity [sel-yuh-los-i-tee] , noun
semicellulose, noun
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World English Dictionary
cellulose (ˈsɛljʊˌləʊz, -ˌləʊs)
 
n
a polysaccharide consisting of long unbranched chains of linked glucose units: the main constituent of plant cell walls and used in making paper, rayon, and film
 
[C18: from French cellule cell (see cellule) + -ose²]
 
cellu'losic
 
adj, —n

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cellulose
1835, coined by Fr. chemist Anselme Payen (1795-1871) from noun use of adj. cellulose "consisting of cells," coined 18c. from L. cellula (see celluloid) + -ose Fr. suffix forming nouns.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cellulose cel·lu·lose (sěl'yə-lōs', -lōz')
n.
A complex carbohydrate that is composed of glucose units, forms the main constituent of the cell wall in most plants, and is important in the manufacture of numerous products, such as pharmaceuticals.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
cellulose   (sěl'yə-lōs')  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A carbohydrate that is a polymer composed of glucose units and that is the main component of the cell walls of most plants. It is insoluble in water and is used to make paper, cellophane, textiles, explosives, and other products.

  2. See cellulose acetate.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
cellulose [(sel-yuh-lohs)]

A stringy, fibrous substance that forms the main material in the cell walls of plants. Cellulose is an organic molecule, composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Bioplastics manufacturers also are researching the possibility of using
  cellulose as a feedstock.
They wreak environmental havoc and people can turn to reusable bags or
  cellulose bags.
Making cellulose into sugar is technically possible, and many firms are working
  on that possibility.
Along with cellulose and hemicellulose, these feedstocks all contain a
  substance called lignin.
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