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census

[sen-suh s] /ˈsɛn səs/
noun, plural censuses.
1.
an official enumeration of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc.
2.
(in ancient Rome) the registration of citizens and their property, for purposes of taxation.
verb (used with object)
3.
to take a census of (a country, city, etc.):
The entire nation is censused every 10 years.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Latin: a listing and property assessment of citizens, equivalent to cēns(ēre) to assess, register (citizens) in a census + -tus suffix of v. action; for -s- in place of -st- see censor
Related forms
censual
[sen-shoo-uh l] /ˈsɛn ʃu əl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
precensus, noun
Can be confused
census, consensus (see usage note at consensus)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for censusses

census

/ˈsɛnsəs/
noun (pl) -suses
1.
an official periodic count of a population including such information as sex, age, occupation, etc
2.
any offical count: a traffic census
3.
(in ancient Rome) a registration of the population and a property evaluation for purposes of taxation
Derived Forms
censual, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Latin, from cēnsēre to assess
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for censusses

census

n.

1610s, from Latin census "the enrollment of the names and property assessments of all Roman citizens," originally past participle of censere "to assess" (see censor (n.)). The modern census begins in the U.S., 1790., and Revolutionary France. Property for taxation was the primary purpose in Rome, hence Latin census also was used for "one's wealth, one's worth, wealthiness."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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censusses in the Bible

There are five instances of a census of the Jewish people having been taken. (1.) In the fourth month after the Exodus, when the people were encamped at Sinai. The number of men from twenty years old and upward was then 603,550 (Ex. 38:26). (2.) Another census was made just before the entrance into Canaan, when the number was found to be 601,730, showing thus a small decrease (Num. 26:51). (3.) The next census was in the time of David, when the number, exclusive of the tribes of Levi and Benjamin, was found to be 1,300,000 (2 Sam. 24:9; 1 Chr. 21:5). (4.) Solomon made a census of the foreigners in the land, and found 153,600 able-bodied workmen (2 Chr. 2:17, 18). (5.) After the return from Exile the whole congregation of Israel was numbered, and found to amount to 42,360 (Ezra 2:64). A census was made by the Roman government in the time of our Lord (Luke 2:1). (See TAXING.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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