centrifugally

centrifugal

[sen-trif-yuh-guhl, -uh-guhl]
adjective
1.
moving or directed outward from the center (opposed to centripetal ).
2.
pertaining to or operated by centrifugal force: a centrifugal pump.
3.
Physiology, efferent.
noun
4.
Machinery.
a.
a machine for separating different materials by centrifugal force; centrifuge.
b.
a rotating, perforated drum holding the materials to be separated in such a machine.

Origin:
1715–25; < Neo-Latin centrifug(us) center-fleeing (centri- centri- + Latin -fugus, derivative of fugere to flee) + -al1

centrifugally, adverb

centrifugal, centripetal.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
centrifugal (sɛnˈtrɪfjʊɡəl, ˈsɛntrɪˌfjuːɡəl)
 
adj
1.  Compare centripetal acting, moving, or tending to move away from a centre
2.  of, concerned with, or operated by centrifugal force: centrifugal pump
3.  botany (esp of certain inflorescences) developing outwards from a centre
4.  physiol another word for efferent
 
n
5.  any device that uses centrifugal force for its action
6.  the rotating perforated drum in a centrifuge
 
[C18: from New Latin centrifugus, from centri- + Latin fugere to flee]
 
cen'trifugally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

centrifugal
c.1721, from Mod.L., coined 1687 by Sir Isaac Newton from L. centri- alternative comb. form of centrum "center" (see center) + fugere "to flee" (see fugitive).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

centrifugal cen·trif·u·gal (sěn-trĭf'yə-gəl, -trĭf'ə-)
adj.

  1. Moving or directed away from a center or axis.

  2. Transmitting nerve impulses away from the central nervous system; efferent.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
centrifugal   (sěn-trĭf'yə-gəl, -trĭf'ə-)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Moving or directed away from a center or axis, usually as a result of being spun around the center or axis.

  2. Operated in the manner of a centrifuge.

  3. Transmitting nerve impulses away from the brain or spinal cord; efferent.

  4. Developing or progressing outward from a center or axis, as in the growth of plant structures. For example, in a centrifugal inflorescence such as a cyme, the flowers in the center or tip open first while those on the edge open last. Compare centripetal.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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