centrifuge

[sen-truh-fyooj]
noun
1.
an apparatus that rotates at high speed and by centrifugal force separates substances of different densities, as milk and cream.
verb (used with object), centrifuged, centrifuging.
2.
Also, centrifugalize. to subject to the action of a centrifuge.

Origin:
1795–1805; < French, noun use of centrifuge (adj.) < Neo-Latin centrifugus center-fleeing; see centrifugal

centrifugation [sen-trif-yuh-gey-shuhn, -trif-uh-] , noun
recentrifuge, verb (used with object), recentrifuged, recentrifuging.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To centrifuge
Collins
World English Dictionary
centrifuge (ˈsɛntrɪˌfjuːdʒ)
 
n
1.  any of various rotating machines that separate liquids from solids or dispersions of one liquid in another, by the action of centrifugal force
2.  any of various rotating devices for subjecting human beings or animals to varying accelerations for experimental purposes
 
vb
3.  (tr) to subject to the action of a centrifuge
 
centrifugation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

centrifuge
1887, "a centrifuge machine," originally (1809) a machine for separating cream from milk, from centrifugal.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

centrifuge cen·tri·fuge (sěn'trə-fyōōj')
n.
An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different densities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. v. cen·tri·fuged, cen·tri·fug·ing, cen·tri·fug·es
To rotate something in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
centrifuge   (sěn'trə-fyj')  Pronunciation Key 
A machine that separates substances of different densities in a sample by rotating the sample at very high speed, causing the substance to be displaced outward, sometimes through a series of filters or gratings. Denser substances tend to be displaced from the center more than ones that are less dense.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
One concerned minute traces of weapons grade material found in a centrifuge.
But a small centrifuge plant would be difficult to detect.
From there they strapped me into a centrifuge and spun me around.
The tornado centrifuge works on the same principle as the vortex vacuum
  cleaners.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature