centum

centum

1 [sen-tuhm]
noun
one hundred.

Origin:
< Latin; see hundred

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centum

2 [ken-tuhm, -toom]
adjective
belonging to or consisting of those branches of the Indo-European family of languages that show distinctive preservation of the Proto-Indo-European labiovelars and that show a historical development of velar articulations, as the sounds (k) or [kh] from Proto-Indo-European palatal phonemes. The centum branches are Germanic, Celtic, Italic, Hellenic, Anatolian, and Tocharian.
Compare satem.


Origin:
1900–05; < Latin, exemplifying in c- the outcome of IE palato-velar stops characteristic of the group

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World English Dictionary
centum (ˈsɛntəm)
 
adj
Compare satem denoting or belonging to the Indo-European languages in which original velar stops (k) were not palatalized, namely languages of the Hellenic, Italic, Celtic, Germanic, Anatolian, and Tocharian branches
 
[Latin: hundred, chosen because the c represents the Indo-European k]

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