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cesspool

[ses-pool] /ˈsɛsˌpul/
noun
1.
a cistern, well, or pit for retaining the sediment of a drain or for receiving the sewage from a house.
2.
any filthy receptacle or place.
3.
any place of moral filth or immorality:
a cesspool of iniquity.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; cess (< Italian cesso privy < Latin rēcessus recess, place of retirement) + pool1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cesspools

cesspool

/ˈsɛsˌpuːl/
noun
1.
Also called sink, sump. a covered cistern, etc, for collecting and storing sewage or waste water
2.
a filthy or corrupt place: a cesspool of iniquity
Word Origin
C17: changed (through influence of pool1) from earlier cesperalle, from Old French souspirail vent, air, from soupirer to sigh; see suspire
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for cesspools

cesspool

n.

also cess-pool, 1670s, the first element perhaps an alteration of cistern, perhaps a shortened form of recess [Klein]; or the whole may be an alteration of suspiral (c.1400), "drainpipe," from Old French sospiral "a vent, air hole," from sospirer "breathe," from Latin suspirare "breathe deep" [Barnhart]. Meaning extended to "tank at the end of the pipe," which would account for a possible folk-etymology change in final syllable.

Other possible etymologies: Italian cesso "privy," from Latin secessus "place of retirement" (in Late Latin "privy, drain"); dialectal suspool, from suss, soss "puddle;" or cess "a bog on the banks of a tidal river."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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