|1.||a light open horse-drawn carriage, esp one with two wheels designed for two passengers|
|2.||post chaise short for chaise longue|
|3.||a gold coin first issued in France in the 14th century, depicting the king seated on a throne|
|[C18: from French, variant of Old French chaiere|
(French: "chair"), originally a closed, two-wheeled, one-passenger, one-horse carriage of French origin, adapted from the sedan chair. The carrying poles, or shafts, were attached to the horse's harness in front and fixed to the axle in back. The body of the carriage was set in front of the axle with its bottom lower than the shafts. The chaise body's position between the shafts provided stability but made side doors impossible, so that the passenger had an awkward climb over (or else had to duck under) the shafts in order to enter the carriage by a front door that opened downward. At first, the passenger drove the horse from within; later, the chaise was managed by a driver riding the horse
Learn more about chaise with a free trial on Britannica.com.