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Chaldean

[kal-dee-uh n] /kælˈdi ən/
noun
1.
one of an ancient Semitic people that formed the dominant element in Babylonia.
2.
the indigenous Semitic language of the Chaldeans, Aramaic being used as an auxiliary language.
4.
an astrologer, soothsayer, or enchanter. Dan. 1:4; 2:2.
adjective
5.
of or belonging to ancient Chaldea.
6.
pertaining to astrology, occult learning, etc.
Also, Chaldee
[kal-dee, kal-dee] /kælˈdi, ˈkæl di/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; < Latin Chaldae(us) (< Greek Chaldaîos Chaldaea, an astrologer) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chaldees

Chaldean

/kælˈdiːən/
noun
1.
a member of an ancient Semitic people who controlled S Babylonia from the late 8th to the late 7th century bc
2.
the dialect of Babylonian spoken by this people
adjective
3.
of or relating to the ancient Chaldeans or their language
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for chaldees

Chaldean

adj.

with + -an + Latin Chaldaeus, from Greek Khaldaios, from Aramaic Kaldaie, from Akkadian (mat)Kaldu "the Chaldeans."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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chaldees in the Bible

or Chaldeans, the inhabitants of the country of which Babylon was the capital. They were so called till the time of the Captivity (2 Kings 25; Isa. 13:19; 23:13), when, particularly in the Book of Daniel (5:30; 9:1), the name began to be used with special reference to a class of learned men ranked with the magicians and astronomers. These men cultivated the ancient Cushite language of the original inhabitants of the land, for they had a "learning" and a "tongue" (1:4) of their own. The common language of the country at that time had become assimilated to the Semitic dialect, especially through the influence of the Assyrians, and was the language that was used for all civil purposes. The Chaldeans were the learned class, interesting themselves in science and religion, which consisted, like that of the ancient Arabians and Syrians, in the worship of the heavenly bodies. There are representations of this priestly class, of magi and diviners, on the walls of the Assyrian palaces.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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