chalice

[chal-is]
noun
1.
Ecclesiastical.
a.
a cup for the wine of the Eucharist or Mass.
b.
the wine contained in it.
2.
a drinking cup or goblet.
3.
a cuplike blossom.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English < Middle French < Latin calici- (stem of calix) cup; replacing Middle English caliz, calc, Old English calic < Latin calici-, as above

chaliced [chal-ist] , adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
chalice (ˈtʃælɪs)
 
n
1.  poetic a drinking cup; goblet
2.  Christianity a gold or silver cup containing the wine at Mass
3.  the calyx of a flower, esp a cup-shaped calyx
 
[C13: from Old French, from Latin calix cup; related to Greek kalux calyx]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chalice
12c., from Anglo-Fr., from L. calix (acc. calicem) "cup," cognate with Gk. kylix. Ousted O.E. cognate cælic, an ecclesiastical borrowing of the L. word.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

chalice

a cup used in the celebration of the Christian Eucharist. Both the statement of St. Paul about "the cup of blessing which we bless" (1 Corinthians 10:16) and the accounts of the institution of the Eucharist in the first three Gospels indicate that special rites of consecration attended the use of the chalice from the beginning. It was not until the recognition of Christianity by the Roman Empire in the 4th century that silver and gold became the usual materials for the chalice. In the Middle Ages the legend of the Holy Grail surrounded the origins of the eucharistic chalice with a magical aura.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The shock was not mortal when they concluded a living wage would be a poisoned chalice.
They will pray and place their handwritten ballots in a chalice atop an altar.
Blossoms are chalice shaped, flaring at the mouth into two unequal lips, the lower one larger than the upper.
For one thing, there is no credible replacement willing to grasp the poisoned chalice.
Synonyms
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