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chaparral

[shap-uh-ral, chap-] /ˌʃæp əˈræl, ˌtʃæp-/
noun, Southwestern U.S.
1.
a dense growth of shrubs or small trees.
Origin
1835-1845
1835-45, Americanism; < Spanish, equivalent to chaparr(o) evergreen oak (< Basque tshapar) + -al collective suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for chaparral
  • Aside from the extensive stands of live oak and sycamore, chaparral landscape predominates.
  • In addition, many chaparral plant species have adapted to the natural occurrence of fire.
  • Coastal sage scrub-chaparral scrub is a transitional community between coastal sage scrub and chaparral types.
British Dictionary definitions for chaparral

chaparral

/ˌtʃæpəˈræl; ˌʃæp-/
noun
1.
(in the southwestern US) a dense growth of shrubs and trees, esp evergreen oaks
Word Origin
C19: from Spanish, from chaparra evergreen oak
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chaparral
n.

"shrub thicket," 1850, American English, from Spanish chaparro "evergreen oak," perhaps from Basque txapar "little thicket," diminutive of sapar "heath, thicket."

In Spain, a chaparral is a bush of a species of oak. The termination al signifies a place abounding in; as, chaparral, a place of oak-bushes, almendral, an almond orchard; parral, a vineyard; cafetal, a coffee plantation, etc., etc.

This word, chaparral, has been introduced into the language since our acquisition of Texas and New Mexico, where these bushes abound. It is a series of thickets, of various sizes, from one hundred yards to a mile through, with bushes and briars, all covered with thorns, and so closely entwined together as almost to prevent the passage of any thing larger than a wolf or hare. [John Russell Bartlett, "Dictionary of Americanisms," 1859]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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