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chapel

[chap-uh l] /ˈtʃæp əl/
noun
1.
a private or subordinate place of prayer or worship; oratory.
2.
a separately dedicated part of a church, or a small independent churchlike edifice, devoted to special services.
3.
a room or building for worship in an institution, palace, etc.
4.
(in Great Britain) a place of worship for members of various dissenting Protestant churches, as Baptists or Methodists.
5.
a separate place of public worship dependent on the church of a parish.
6.
a religious service in a chapel:
Don't be late for chapel!
7.
a funeral home or the room in which funeral services are held.
8.
a choir or orchestra of a chapel, court, etc.
9.
a print shop or printing house.
10.
an association of employees in a print shop for dealing with their interests, problems, etc.
verb (used with object), chapeled, chapeling or (especially British) chapelled, chapelling.
11.
Nautical. to maneuver (a sailing vessel taken aback) by the helm alone until the wind can be recovered on the original tack.
adjective
12.
(in England) belonging to any of various dissenting Protestant sects.
Origin of chapel
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English chapele < Old French < Late Latin cappella hooded cloak, equivalent to capp(a) (see cap1) + -ella diminutive suffix; first applied to the sanctuary where the cloak of St. Martin (4th-century bishop of Tours) was kept as a relic
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for chapel

chapel

/ˈtʃæpəl/
noun
1.
a place of Christian worship in a larger building, esp a place set apart, with a separate altar, in a church or cathedral
2.
a similar place of worship in or attached to a large house or institution, such as a college, hospital or prison
3.
a church subordinate to a parish church
4.
(in Britain)
  1. a Nonconformist place of worship
  2. Nonconformist religious practices or doctrine
  3. (as adjective): he is chapel, but his wife is church Compare church (sense 8)
5.
(in Scotland) a Roman Catholic church
6.
the members of a trade union in a particular newspaper office, printing house, etc
7.
a printing office
Word Origin
C13: from Old French chapele, from Late Latin cappella, diminutive of cappa cloak (see cap); originally denoting the sanctuary where the cloak of St Martin of Tours was kept as a relic
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for chapel
n.

early 13c., from Old French chapele (12c., Modern French chapelle), from Medieval Latin cappella "chapel, sanctuary for relics," literally "little cape," diminutive of Late Latin cappa "cape" (see cap (n.)); by tradition, originally in reference to the sanctuary in France in which the miraculous cape of St. Martin of Tours, patron saint of France, was preserved; meaning extended in most European languages to "any sanctuary." (While serving Rome as a soldier deployed in Gaul, Martin cut his military coat in half to share it with a ragged beggar. That night, Martin dreamed Christ wearing the half-cloak; the half Martin kept was the relic.)

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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chapel in the Bible

a holy place or sanctuary, occurs only in Amos 7:13, where one of the idol priests calls Bethel "the king's chapel."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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13
15
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