a person, usually a married or older woman, who, for propriety, accompanies a young unmarried woman in public or who attends a party of young unmarried men and women.
any adult present in order to maintain order or propriety at an activity of young people, as at a school dance.
a round headdress of stuffed cloth with wide cloth streamers that fall from the crown or are draped around it, worn in the 15th century.
verb (used with object)
to attend or accompany as chaperon.
verb (used without object)
to act as chaperon.
Also, chaperone.

1350–1400; Middle English < Anglo-French, Middle French: hood, cowl, equivalent to chape cape1 + -eron noun suffix; figurative sense < French (18th century)

chaperonage [shap-uh-roh-nij] , noun
chaperonless, adjective

1, 4. escort. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chaperon or chaperone (ˈʃæpəˌrəʊn)
1.  (esp formerly) an older or married woman who accompanies or supervises a young unmarried woman on social occasions
2.  someone who accompanies and supervises a group, esp of young people, usually when in public places
3.  to act as a chaperon to
[C14: from Old French, from chape hood, protective covering; see cap]
chaperone or chaperone
[C14: from Old French, from chape hood, protective covering; see cap]
chaperonage or chaperone

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1720, from Fr. chaperon "protector," especially "female companion to a young woman," earlier "head covering, hood," from O.Fr. chaperon, dim. of chape "cape." The verb is first attested 1796. "... English writers often erroneously spell it chaperone, app. under the supposition that it requires a fem.
termination." [OED]
"Chaperon ... when used metaphorically means that the experienced married woman shelters the youthful débutante as a hood shelters the face" [1864].
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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