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chaperon

[shap-uh-rohn] /ˈʃæp əˌroʊn/
noun
1.
a person, usually a married or older woman, who, for propriety, accompanies a young unmarried woman in public or who attends a party of young unmarried men and women.
2.
any adult present in order to maintain order or propriety at an activity of young people, as at a school dance.
3.
a round headdress of stuffed cloth with wide cloth streamers that fall from the crown or are draped around it, worn in the 15th century.
verb (used with object)
4.
to attend or accompany as chaperon.
verb (used without object)
5.
to act as chaperon.
Also, chaperone.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Anglo-French, Middle French: hood, cowl, equivalent to chape cape1 + -eron noun suffix; figurative sense < French (18th century)
Related forms
chaperonage
[shap-uh-roh-nij] /ˈʃæp əˌroʊ nɪdʒ/ (Show IPA),
noun
chaperonless, adjective
Synonyms
1, 4. escort.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chaperonage

chaperon

/ˈʃæpəˌrəʊn/
noun
1.
(esp formerly) an older or married woman who accompanies or supervises a young unmarried woman on social occasions
2.
someone who accompanies and supervises a group, esp of young people, usually when in public places
verb
3.
to act as a chaperon to
Derived Forms
chaperonage (ˈʃæpərənɪdʒ) noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from chape hood, protective covering; see cap
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for chaperonage

chaperon

n.

1720, "woman accompanying a younger, unmarried lady in public," from French chaperon "protector," especially "female companion to a young woman," earlier "head covering, hood" (c.1400), from Old French chaperon "hood, cowl" (12c.), diminutive of chape "cape" (see cap (n.)). "... English writers often erroneously spell it chaperone, app. under the supposition that it requires a fem. termination" [OED]. The notion is of "covering" the socially vulnerable one.

"May I ask what is a chaperon?"
"A married lady; without whom no unmarried one can be seen in public. If the damsel be five and forty, she cannot appear without the matron; and if the matron be fifteen, it will do."
[Catharine Hutton, "The Welsh Mountaineer," London, 1817]
The word had been used in Middle English in the literal sense "hooded cloak."

v.

"act as a chaperon," 1792, also chaperone, from chaperon (n.), or from French chaperonner, from chaperon (n.). Related: Chaperoned; chaperoning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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