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chaperon

[shap-uh-rohn] /ˈʃæp əˌroʊn/
noun
1.
a person, usually a married or older woman, who, for propriety, accompanies a young unmarried woman in public or who attends a party of young unmarried men and women.
2.
any adult present in order to maintain order or propriety at an activity of young people, as at a school dance.
3.
a round headdress of stuffed cloth with wide cloth streamers that fall from the crown or are draped around it, worn in the 15th century.
verb (used with object)
4.
to attend or accompany as chaperon.
verb (used without object)
5.
to act as chaperon.
Also, chaperone.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Anglo-French, Middle French: hood, cowl, equivalent to chape cape1 + -eron noun suffix; figurative sense < French (18th century)
Related forms
chaperonage
[shap-uh-roh-nij] /ˈʃæp əˌroʊ nɪdʒ/ (Show IPA),
noun
chaperonless, adjective
Synonyms
1, 4. escort.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chaperonage

chaperon

/ˈʃæpəˌrəʊn/
noun
1.
(esp formerly) an older or married woman who accompanies or supervises a young unmarried woman on social occasions
2.
someone who accompanies and supervises a group, esp of young people, usually when in public places
verb
3.
to act as a chaperon to
Derived Forms
chaperonage (ˈʃæpərənɪdʒ) noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from chape hood, protective covering; see cap
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chaperonage
chaperon
1720, from Fr. chaperon "protector," especially "female companion to a young woman," earlier "head covering, hood," from O.Fr. chaperon, dim. of chape "cape." The verb is first attested 1796. "... English writers often erroneously spell it chaperone, app. under the supposition that it requires a fem. termination." [OED]
"Chaperon ... when used metaphorically means that the experienced married woman shelters the youthful débutante as a hood shelters the face" [1864].
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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